Animal production units are under additional scrutiny today for their potential off-site impacts on environmental quality. A major goal of the Department’s Extension program is to make certain that policy makers move forward with a balanced perspective using the best-available, science-based information to support their decision-making process. The department strives to develop management strategies that will help producers minimize both production costs and the environmental footprints associated with their operations. There also is a developing focus on biomass-to-energy conversion in the department that is a natural outgrowth of our traditionally strong program in anaerobic microbiology and resulting fermentation processes. A specific need addressed by our Extension program has been the development of economic and logistics models to educate animal agriculture and food processing industries on the sustainability of biomass conversion to energy.